Anul trecut, printre ore predate, capitole revizuite și lucrări de licență coordonate, am parcurs o lucrare masivă despre secțiunea 1 Corinteni 12-14. E vorba de o teză de doctorat susținută de Soeng Yu Li la Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, sub îndrumarea profesorului Reimund Bieringer.

Mi-a luat multișor până când am reușit să-mi adun gândurile ca să scriu recenzia la acest volum. În final, textul a apărut recent pe RBECS (AICI).

Postez mai jos câteva fragmente de început. Textul integral îl găsiți pe site-ul semnalat mai sus.

The 84 verses that comprise the largest thematic subsection of 1 Corinthians have generated countless monographs and other studies. The latest substantial contribution to this corpus is a book by Soeng Yu Li, written in the form of a doctoral dissertation. It was defended in 2016 at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, under the supervision of professor Reimund Bieringer.

In order to make the complex structure of his weighty volume clear, Soeng Yu Li has divided it into four parts. The first focuses on the verbal noun χάρισμα, and the second at length on the term πνευματικῶν; the third, which is also the longest, consists of successive readings of Chapters 12–14 from a “meronymic point of view” (explained below). In the fourth and final part, the author focuses on prophecy—which he describes as “the paradigm of τὰ χαρίσματα τὰ μείζονα”—in the whole of 1 Cor. 12–14.

One must begin by saying that a careful reader of 1 Corinthians is likely to find nothing unexpected in the conclusions reached by this substantial study. Even an unscholarly perusal of 1 Cor. 12–14 will not fail to note that Paul’s general intention in those verses is to bring order to the meetings of the Corinthian Christians and to divert their passion for ecstatic speaking in tongues towards things beneficial for the whole community. Soeng Yu Li, however, approaches this understanding by a long and indirect route. He takes a fresh look at many of the fine points on which scholars have disagreed and admirably attempts to categorize more precisely than has previously been done the relation between χαρίσματα and πνευματικά, the two hinges on which those three chapters turn.

Having demonstrated that χάρισμα is not a specifically religious term in non-Christian Greek literature, Soeng Yu Li looks at its 17 occurrences in the New Testament and concludes that, according to Paul’s understanding, it can be either a personal or a communal gift. When received as a personal gift, a χάρισμα can be used, he says, “for the personal benefit of the believer.” By contrast, as a communal gift, it becomes an “Aufgabeand therefore has to be used for the benefit of the whole community (p. 101).

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